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.NET

.NET is for .NET languages

Microsoft .NET is Windows software which executes all .NET language code. Regardless of which .NET language (C#, VB.Net etc) is used, the source is compiled to Common Intermediate Language (CIL). To run any .NET application, the CIL code is executed in a virtual machine (the CLR). .NET comprises of -:

Common Language Infrastructure

The CLI is a standardized specification that describes the basic elements of the .NET language code (types), the structure of the application (metadata), and how the CLR reads the compiled code (the Common Intermediate Language) and executes it.

The CLI specifies how the CLR manages of basic programming elements; all .NET languages must comply with with the CLR's management regime. .NET's core language C# was written specifically for .NET. Other existing languages have been incorporating the .NET framework by adapting the language to suit the CLI standard. For example, the .NET compliant verion of C++, called C++/CLI (formerly known as Managed C++), is a variant of C++ which has additional keywords and operations to standard C++. These changes make C++/CLI compliant with the CLI specification and permit operation with the .NET framework.

Programming language support

Several programming languages have been adapted to comply with the CLI and thus provide programmers to use that language within .NET. Examples include a version of Python (IronPython), and a version of Pascal (Component Pascal).

.NET versions

There are three .NET versions, to suit the capabilities of different platforms.

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